How Cadbury makes those Easter {Creme} Eggs

The factory goes through a ton of chocolate a day and they use chocolate liquor  and not as I thought chocolate powder.  

Chocolate liquor is is not the “alcoholic liquer” of the Godiva chocolate brandy, but a liquid made by grinding the nib, meat, of the cocoa bean and then heating up to its liquidification point, because it’s really about half cocoa butter and half cocoa solids (cocoa solids are what remains when the bean is ground and the cocoa butter is removed).

Chocolate liquor is also called unsweetened baking chocolate. I never knew that.

Bright Days

Bright Week is the first week that follows the Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ and ends the next Sunday, which is also called “St. Thomas Sunday” (in commemoration of Apostle Thomas’ request for physical proof of the Resurrection of Christ). For Orthodox Christians, Bright Week is the beginning of a celebration period that lasts for fifty days from Easter to Pentecost, which marks the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles.

Bright Week is a triumph of the light and the first divine service of this period begins with the words ”Come ye and receive Light!’ Christ emerges from the grave shrouded in the holy light of His Godly nature. From Resurrection night till the Lord’s Ascension to Heaven on the 40th day of Easter, the community in church sings “Shine, shine, O New Jerusalem, for the glory of the Lord has risen upon you,” with the new Jerusalem signifying the eternal eschatological Jerusalem.

Bright Week services are celebrated with the Holy Doors wide open, so that nothing impedes the gaze into the altar, which symbolizes the door rolled away from the Saviour’s grave, but also the top-to-bottom tearing of the curtain of the Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Redeemer’s death, as a prefiguring of the establishment of the Kingdom of Grace.

In the first centuries of Christianity, during Bright Week, the catechumens (those preparing to receive the Sacrament of Baptism) were baptized on Easter night, and wore white robes as a symbol of the joy of the Resurrection.

The most important holiday during Bright Week is Healing Spring Day, celebrated on Friday, and which highlights the position and role of Virgin Mary in the work of Salvation.

The customary greeting for Christians during Pascha is “Christ is Risen!”, followed by the answer “Truly He is Risen!”; on Ascension Day, the salute is ”Christ is Ascended!”, to which the response is “Truly He is Ascended!”

April 12, The Great and Holy Pascha

Great and Holy Pascha

Reading from the Synaxarion:

Mary Magdalene, and the other women who were present at the burial of our Saviour on Friday evening, returned from Golgotha to the city and prepared fragrant spices and myrrh, so that they might anoint the body of Jesus. On the morrow, because of the law which forbids work on the day of the Sabbath, they rested for the whole day. But at early dawn on the Sunday that followed, almost thirty-six hours since the death of the Life-giving Redeemer, they came to the sepulchre with the spices to anoint His body.

While they were considering the difficulty of rolling away the stone from the door of the sepulchre, there was a fearful earthquake; and an Angel, whose countenance shone like lightning and whose garment was white as snow, rolled away the stone and sat upon it. The guards that were there became as dead from fear and took to flight. The women, however, went into the sepulchre, but did not find the Lord’s body. Instead, they saw two other Angels in the form of youths clothed i n white, who told them that the Saviour was risen, and they sent forth the women, who ran to proclaim to the disciples these gladsome tidings.

Then Peter and John arrived, having learned from Mary Magdalene what had come to pass, and when they entered the tomb, they found only the winding sheets. Therefore, they returned again to the city with joy, as heralds now of the supernatural Resurrection of Christ, Who in truth was seen alive by the disciples on this day on five occasions.

Our Lord, then, was crucified, died, and was buried on Friday, before the setting of the sun, which was the first of His “three days” in the grave; observing the mystical Sabbath, that “seventh day” in which it is said that the Lord “rested from all His works” (Gen. 2:2-3), He passed all of Saturday in the grave; and He arose “while it was yet dark, very early in the morning” on Sunday, the third day, which, according to the Hebrew reckoning, began after sunset on Saturday.

As we celebrate today this joyous Resurrection, we greet and embrace one another in Christ, thereby demonstrating our Saviour’s victory over death and corruption, and the destruction of our ancient enmity with God, and His reconciliation toward us, and our inheritance of life everlasting. The feast itself is called Pascha, which is derived from the Hebrew word which means “passover”; because Christ, Who suffered and arose, has made us to pass over from the curse of Adam and slavery to the devil and death unto our primal freedom and blessedness. In addition, this day of this particular week, which is the first of all the rest, is dedicated to the honour of the Lord; in honour and remembrance of the Resurrection, the Apostles transferred to this day the rest from labour that was formerly assigned to the Sabbath of the ancient Law.

All foods allowed during Renewal Week. Yippee!

Resurrectional Apolytikion in the Plagal of the First Tone
Christ is risen from the dead, by death hath He trampled down death, and on those in the graves hath He bestowed life.

Seasonal Kontakion in the Plagal of the Fourth Tone
Though You went down into the tomb, You destroyed Hades’ power, and You rose the victor, Christ God, saying to the myrrh-bearing women, “Hail!” and granting peace to Your disciples, You who raise up the fallen.

Holy Saturday, Descent into Hell

On Saturday, the high priests and Pharisees gathered together before Pilate and asked him to have Jesus’ tomb sealed until the third day; because, as those enemies of God said, “We suspect that His disciples will come and steal His buried body by night, and then proclaim to the people that His resurrection is true, as that deceiver Himself foretold while He was yet alive; and then the last deception shall be worse than the first.”

After they had said these things to Pilate and received his permission, they went and sealed the tomb, and assigned a watch for security, that is, guards from among the soldiers under the supervision of the high priests

62 The next day, which was a Sabbath, the chief priests and the Pharisees met with Pontius Pilate
63 and said, “Sir, remember that while that liar was still alive he said, “I will be raised to life three days later.’
64 Give orders, then, for his tomb to be carefully guarded until the third day, so that his disciples will not be able to go and steal the body, and then tell the people that he was raised from death. This last lie would be even worse than the first one.”
65“Take a guard,” Pilate told them; “go and make the tomb as secure as you can.”
66 So they left and made the tomb secure by putting a seal on the stone and leaving the guard on watch.  (Matt. 27:62-66).typical stone that would have been "rolled" over Christ's tomb

While commemorating the entombment of the holy Body of our Lord today, we also celebrate His dread descent with His soul, whereby He destroyed the gates and bars of Hades, and made His light to shine where only darkness had reigned (Job 3 8 : 17; Esaias 49:9; 1 Peter 3:18-20); death was put to death.

Icon of Jesus descending into-hellHades was stripped of all its captives, our first parents  (Adam and Eve and their descendant)  and all the righteous who died from the beginning of time ran to Him Whom they had awaited, and the holy angelic orders glorified God for the restoration of our fallen race.

Myrrh Trees in the Desert

Apolytikion of Holy Saturday in the Second Tone

Lowering Your pure body from the Cross, Joseph wrapped it in clean muslin with fragrant spices and laid it in a new tomb.

When You descended to death, O Immortal Life, then, the light of Your ddivinity destroyed Hades.

When You raised the dead from the depths of darkness, all the heavenly powers cried out, “Glory to You our Christ, the Giver of Life.”  Standing by the tomb the angel said to the Myrrh-bearing women: “Myrrh is for the dead; but Christ has shown Himself stranger to death.

Jesus laid in the tombKontakion of Holy Saturday in the Second Tone
He Who enclosed the deeps is now seen dead; and the immortal One is laid in a tomb enclosed in a shroud with myrrh. Women, too, come to anoint Him, weeping bitterly and lamenting: “This Sabbath is blessed above all others, for Christ, having fallen asleep, will rise on the third day.”

Eastertime by Housman

A Shropshire Lad  2:

Loveliest of trees, the cherry now

By A. E. Housman

Loveliest of trees, the cherry now
Is hung with bloom along the bough,
And stands about the woodland ride
Wearing white for Eastertide.
Now, of my threescore years and ten,
Twenty will not come again,
And take from seventy springs a score,
It only leaves me fifty more.
And since to look at things in bloom
Fifty springs are little room,
About the woodlands I will go
To see the cherry hung with snow.

A. E. Housman, A Shropshire Lad

(London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co., 1896): 3-4. del H68 S551896 Fisher Rare Book Library

Orthodox Good Friday

When Friday dawned, Christ was sent bound from Caiaphas to Pontius Pilate, who was then Governor of Judea. Pilate interrogated Him in many ways, and once and again acknowledged that He was innocent, but to please the Jews, he later passed the sentence of death against Him. After scourging the Lord of all as though He were a runaway slave, he surrendered Him to be crucified.

Thus the Lord Jesus was handed over to the soldiers, was stripped of His garments, was clothed in a purple robe, was crowned with a wreath of thorns, had a reed placed in His hand as though it were a sceptre, was bowed before in mockery, was spat upon, and was buffeted in the face and on the head.

golgotha
Golgotha meaning “the place of a skull” It is identical with the word Calvary

Then they again clothed Him in His own garments, and bearing the cross, He came to Golgotha, a place of condemnation, and there, about the third hour, He was crucified between two thieves. Although both blasphemed Him at the first, the thief at His right hand repented, and said: “Remember me, O Lord, when Thou comest in Thy Kingdom,” to which our Saviour answered, “Today shalt thou be with Me in Paradise.” As He hung upon the Cross, He was blasphemed by those who were passing by, was mocked by the high priests, and by the soldiers was given vinegar to drink mixed with gall. About the ninth hour, He cried out with a loud voice, saying, “It is finished.”

stone
A typical Stone that would have been rolled over Christ Our Lord’s tomb.

And the Lamb of God “Which taketh away the sin of the world” (John 1:29) expired on the day when the moon was full, and at the hour when, according to the Law, was slain the Passover lamb, which was established as a type of Him in the time of Moses.

Even lifeless creation mourned the death of the Master, and it trembled and was altered out of fear. Yet, even though the Maker of creation was already dead, they pierced Him in His immaculate side, and forthwith came there out Blood and Water. Finally, at about the setting of the sun, Joseph of Arimathea came with Nicodemus (both of them had been secret disciples of Jesus), and they took down the all-holy Body of the Teacher from the Cross and anointed it with aromatic spices, and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth.

grave of jesus
A site that is supposed to be the grave of Our Lord. I’m not sure what the little porthole is for though.

When they had buried Him in a new tomb, they rolled a great stone over its entrance.; now the church of the Holy Sepulchre.

Such are the dread and saving sufferings of our Lord Jesus Christ commemorated today, and in remembrance of them, we have received the Apostolic commandment that a fast be observed every Friday.

Apolytikion of Holy Friday in the Plagal of the Fourth Tone
As the glorious disciples, in the washing of the feet, were enlightened, the profane Judas, ravaged by greed, was benighted. And to the lawless judges he surrenders You the just judge. Consider, you who love money, the one who hanged himself for the sake of it. Shun the insatiate heart that could dare such a deed against the Teacher. Lord, benevolent above all humans, glory to You.

Kontakion of Holy Friday in the Plagal of the Fourth Tone
Come, let us all praise Him Who was crucified for us. Mary beheld Him on the Tree and said, “Though You endure even the Cross, You are my Son and my God.”